Internet Resources for Computer-Assisted Biblical and Theological Research

Combined Class Contributions (Winter 1997)

This is a list of the favorite Internet sites of students who took Dr. Harry Hahne's course on Computers in Biblical and Theological Studies, offered at Tyndale Seminary.

The initials of the student who contributed each reference is indicated in brackets at the end of the description. There has been no effort to eliminate duplicate references.

Dr. Harry Hahne's bibliography of selected resources for computer-assisted biblical research is also available.


Abilene Christian University Archives. ftp://bible.acu.edu/.

A good site for greek, exegetical questions, biblical historical information, essays and dissertations. For any scholarly level. [MBS]

ArchNet. "Near Eastern Archaeology." http://www.lib.uconn.edu/ArchNet/ Regions/Near.html/.

ArchNet serves as the World Wide Web virtual library for archaeology. This server provides access to archaeological resources available on the Internet. Information is categorized by geographic region and subject. It also valuable for searching, journals, questions, and academic departments. [ASK]

"B-Greek Archives." http://sunsite.unc.edu/bgreek/archives/.

This is an archives for B-Greek - a collection of mailing list of Biblical Greek from various academic people since May 92. There is a search engine for one to find the topics one interested. The discussion and suggestions are very interesting and enlightening. One can find any suggustions on how to teach B-Greek and discussions and debate on various grammatical points.

For those who are interested in B-Greek, this is a site worth to browsn through. [NCJ]

Bar-Ilan, Meir. "Home Page of Meir Bar-Ilan." http://www.biu.ac.il/~barilm/ home.html/.

An excellent collection of information and bibliographies on Judaism, Qumran, Talmud and related studies. [ASK]

"Bible Gateway." http://www.gospelcom.net/cgi-bin/bible.

This has good search engines in it. One can search by passage, keywords or restrict the search. There is also another search engine called "What the Bible says about..." In this one one can put a subject and numerous topics will come up. When I put in baptism I got three of them - John's, Christian, and Holy Spirit. When I went into each one there were scriptures there to support each one. There are also Bibles in different languages. There was one Bible called Tagalog but I was unable to get into it to see what it was. [SLL]

"Biblical Greek Discussion Group." b-greek@virginia.edu.

An online discussion group concentrated on Hellenistic Greek and studies of the Greek New Testament and Septuagint. Before usage necessary to subscribe by sending message as follows "subscribe B- GREEK first name, last name" to: majordom@virginia.edu. [MBS]

"A Bibliography for the Study of Earliest Christianity." http://www.webcom. com/%7Eblejr/books.html//Top.

A very detailted bibliography on New Testament Studies which includes grammar, exegesis, background, and criticism. It also divides them into three levels: basic, intermediate, advanced. Theologically, it divides them into three calsses: conservative, moderate, and liberal. According to the author's own judgement, there are three levels of evaluation: fair, good, and outstanding. The list is exhaustive and up-dated. Under each item the author would give concise comment. It is a site worth to consult. [NCJ]

Blakely, Fred, O. "Romans 8 - The Triumph of Romans 8." http://webcom.com/ banner/Romans8.html/.

An interesting study of Romans 8, but also other chapters of Romans. It is a presentation is essay format which is constantly updated, which makes the material valuable enough as a research tool. [MBS]

The BUBL Information Service. "BUBL's Gopher Archaeology Resources." gopher://bubl.bath.ac.uk:7070/11/Link/Tree/Archaeology/.

The Gopher Menu for Anthropology and Archaeology including Gophers register (W&L U,USA), Classics and Mediterranean Archaeology, a searchable Gopher index. [ASK]

________. "BUBL WWW Subject Tree." http://www.bubl.bath.ac.uk/BUBL/ Archaeology.html/.

BUBL WWW Subject Tree 930.26 - Archaeology has BUBL's archaeological Gopher Resources. It also has Archaeology and Architecture page contained archaeological information for European archaeology, particularly in the Mediterranean region, and architecture. The site includes sections on European Archaeology, Greek Archaeology, Roman Archaeology, computers in archaeology, archaeology news and general resources. The site is maintained by Menne C.Kosian. [ASK]

"C for C." http://www.cforc.com/.

Their mission is to use computer technology to expand God's Kingdom. It is a site from the Lutheran Church. Here there is a Spiritual Growth section. There is also a Reference section to go into. This has the King James Version of the Bible. This section is under construction still. For commentary there was only chapter one of Matthew. There were other topics in the reference section such as the Holy Trinity. When it is finished it may be quite good. There are a lot of links to many other useful sites here. There is also a Frequently Asked Questions section. Another section of interest was a Personal Study Tools section which led to other good sites. [SLL]

Caltech Grad Group. "Summary of the Discussions on Romans." http://www.pcmp. caltech.edu/~paul/NT/Romans.html.

Summary of the discussions on Romans. Caltech Grad Group. Overall theorem: "I an not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of

God for the...This is a very interesting and challenging site for highly scholarly level. [MBS]

Campbell, Douglas. "New Testament Literature - Romans." http://www.shef.ac. uk/uni/companies/shap/romans.htm/.

Biblical and theological information such as articles, essays, exegetical and homiletic questions. This site contains some very good material for essays and scholarly work. The site is under constant up-date, which makes it a powerful tool for research. [MBS]

"Center for Septuagint Studies and Textual Criticism." http;//cc5.kuleu ven. ac.be/facdep/theology/en/sept.htm.

The sites contains up-dated information concerning the study of the Greek translations of the Old Testament, the Septuagint, in comparsion with the Hebrew text. It also provides information of the Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint project. It is a help for New Testemant Studies if one wants to study how the N.T. Authors used the LXX. [NCJ]

Center for the Study of Early Christianity. "Dead Sea Scrolls Studies." http://www.csec.ac.uk:80/dss/main.htm/.

An Invitation to study The Dead Sea Scrolls in Context. It is the introduction of the academic courses at CSEC and contains an intensive and unique curriculum featuring: Palaeography, Scroll Reconstruction and Analysis, Form and Literary Criticism of the Scrolls, Comparative Studies, Archaeology and Regional Studies. [ASK]

Chovers, Arela. "Biblical Jerusalem." http://www.israel-mfa.gov.il/mfa/bible/ bible.html/.

A useful guide to understand biblical Jerusalem. It has various studies of the archaeological sites in Jerusalem with photographs. The settlement of Jerusalem began in a very early period, and testimonies to this appear in three different sources. It mentions references to this early settlement in the Bible (Genesis 14 -- The story of Abraham and the Canaanite Kings), in archaeological findings, and in independent historical sources found in other lands that had maintained political and commercial ties with the Land of Israel (especially Egypt). [ASK]

"Christian Answers.Net." http://christiananswers.net/canhome.html.

This area provides Christian Biblical answers to contemporary questions and also to theology questions. There is a Kid's Quest for answers for kids as well as facts and activities for kids. One can do a word search. There are databases for some subjects that one can go into. Anyone can even suggest questions that they will answer for you. They are looking for translators to translate the questions and answers which will make this site a good one for people in many different languages. [SLL]

"Christian Classics Ethereal." http://ccel.wheaton.edu/.

As far as they know all the books here are public domain and can be copied by anyone. This library is at Wheaton College. It is a wealth of information on the Old and New Testaments. It has a World Wide Study Bible which even includes the books of the Apocrypha. I went into the book of Ephesians to see what was there. There was six versions of the book, sermons on different verses and groups of verses, commentary on Ephesians, a study book and also Easton's Bible Dictionary.

This site also includes the 38 volumns of the writings of the Early Church Fathers. It covers 800 years of church writings.

Then there is a search section so one can search for words or phrases. I tried the word "baptize" and found lots of resources for this word as well as essays and articles on it. I really enjoyed going through it. [SLL]

"Christianity Net Search." http://www.christianity.net/search.

This was an excellent site. I really liked it because of all the links one can go to. They have over 4,700 resources in their database. There are a lot of good topics. There is a main search engine but one can also go into each category and do the search there which is better. I went into the Theology and Apologetics site and also into the Bible and Reference section. This one had 21 Bible references to go into, 76 sites for Pastoral References, 46 different Bible sites, and 202 sites under Bible studies. This was very interesting site to go into. [SLL]

"Christianity Today." http://www.christianity.net/ct/current.

One can view the recent issue or go to back issues. One can also subscribe to it. There is a resources section coming soon. There is a search section so you can put in key word and you can see any articles which apply to that subject. I put in baptism and came up with three articles. One had four stars which means it is a good match and the other two only had one star. [SLL]

"Classics and Mediterranean Archaeology." gopher://rome.classics.lsa.umich. edu/.

This server functions as a gateway or notice for internet services which may be of interest to classicists, Mediterranean archaeologists, and others who group themselves differently but still want to use the resources identified here. [ASK]

Copeland, Mark A. "The Executable Outlines Series." http://members.aol.com/ exeout/index.html.

This sectionis a lot of Bible study guides. It covers New Testament studies and also there are two from the Old Testament. These two are from Psalms and Proverbs. There are also a list of topical studies. He has some sermon outlines here as well on interesting topics. There is a search engine here so one can search with keywords or subjects. Most of the things in here are geared toward evangelism. [SLL]

Corey Keating. "Learning New Testament Greek." http://www.thechristian.org/LrnGreek/fstart.html.

This site gives very brief and concise definition of all the grammatical categories of the B-Greek and compares them with the English language. the presention is clear and easy to understand. Highly recommended for B-Greek beginner. [NCJ]

"The Crossroads Project." http://www.crossrds.org/.

This is a ministry of Xenos Christian Fellowship. One can contact the director with any questions. There is a secton on Evangelism and Apologetic resources. There are essays on various topics. One can also improve your evangelism with the tools and training section. Much of this site is related to a book called "Death of Truth". There are some interesting titles in this but not a lot of variety. [SLL]

Dallas Theological Seminary. "Bibliotheca Sacra Theological Journal." http:// www.bible.orga/reg/journals/bibsac/bibsac.htm/.

An extensive online articles sites with good research tools for various Scriptural and topical reserach on biblical and theological topics useful for all levers of scholarly work. [MBS]

DejaNews Research Service. "Dejanews." http://www.dejanews.com/.

A search engine for Usenet news groups. Search discussion lists for a word or phrase. [ASK]

"Duke Papyrus Archive." http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/papyrus.

The duke papyrus Archive provides electronic access to texts about and images of 1,373 papyri from ancient Egypt. the target audience includes: papyrologist, ancient historians, archaeologists, biblical scholars, classicists. If New Testament wants wants the language of N.T. with the Papyrus's. This is a good site to visit. [NCJ]

"The Ecole Initiative." http://cedar.evansville.edu/~ecoleweb/.

The site is a hypertext encyclopedia of Early Church History. It has translations of Judaeo-christian and Islamic Primary sources up to 1500 and various article on major events and figures. It also has a timeline with geographical cross-index. It is useful for studying the development of New Testament concepts in Church History. [NCJ]

"The Electronic New Testament Manuscripts Project." http://www.entmp.org/.

The electronic New Testament Manuscripts Project is an international, scholarly, volunteer effort to make images and transcriptions of new Testament manuscripts available freely on the Internet. It is still in its piolet phase, but one still can find valuable information on New Testament Manuscripts. [NCJ]

"Experimental Outlines of Selected New Testament Books." http://www2. thechristian.org/ntoutlines/NTOLinks.html.

In this section there is an area to go into called Testimonies. In here there are a few testimonies of great Christian Leaders such as John Wesley, Hudson Taylor and Watchman Nee. Another area to go into is Articles on the New Testament. In here there are several articles on the New Testament. Some are about becoming a Christian and some would appeal to the mature Christian as well. There is a daily devotional which one can go into each day to inspire oneself. Then there is the outline section. In here I went into Ephesians. One can go into each chapter one at a time and each one has the outlines of the chapter, verse by verse. I like the testimony part. It is interesting to see what some of the great Christian's testimonies are. [SLL]

Fair Oaks Learning Center. "Outlines and Hand-Outs Used in FOLC Classes." http://www.fopc.org/info.html.

At first I did not think this would be an appropriate section for a study on New Testament. But when I went into the outlines and hand- outs section I found there is a lot of information in it. One part is How to Understand the Bible. This covered two areas. One is the Epistles and the other is the Teaching Methods of Jesus (Gospels). The last section covers the teaching methods of Jesus very well throughout the Gospels. There were sections on the types of literature in the New Testament, guidelines for interpreting the Bible and Bible study methods. There was also a section on current issues which covered issues such as the New Age of Angels and Who is the Real Jesus? There are Bible study sections in here as well. [SLL]

Finney, Tim. "Transcribing New Testament Manuscripts." http://www.entmp.org/ entmp/papers/trans.html.

This is through the Baptist Theological College of Western Australia. It was interesting reading through this. It is divided into four sections: Section 1 - determining which ones to transcribe and the tools needed; Section 2 - Viewing manuscripts, where to go to see them and how to view them; Section 3 - Transcribing manuscripts and how to go about it; Section 4 - checking transcriptions for accuracy by going through them twice at least. Then there is a conclusion along with several references and books these people wrote. [SLL]

"Global Online Service Helping Evangelize Nations - GOSHEN." http://www. goshen.net/pst/.

This site is mainly a search site. One can search in Naves Topical Bible or selected Bible dictionaries, or in Matthew Henry's Commentary or in other versions of the Bible. It is like an on line study library. There is a World News Today section to go into and also a Religion News Today section. I added this to my favourites since there are a lot of ways to do searches. [SLL]

"Gopher Menu." gopher://marvel.loc.gov/11/global/phil/.

Although this sites is non-active it contains a lot of good material in various fields such as New Testament, biblical and theological articles, essays, material from European universities. [MBS]

"The GOSHEN Online Study Library." http://www.goshen.net/osl/.

This site contains a set of five cross-indexed topical and dictionary resources: Nave's Topical Bible, Easton's Bible Dictionary, Vine's Expository

dictionary, Torry's New Topical Textbook, and Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary. It is good for general study. However, since most of its information is out-dated, it is not quite useful for serious study. [NCJ]

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. "Orion Center For the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls." http://unixware.mscc.huji.ac.il/~orion/orion.html/.

What are these Scrolls? Why have they raised such intense interest? The Orion Center has been established to study these questions. So you can get brief information about Dead Sea Scrolls from this site. They are explaining historical background and importance of the Scrolls. [ASK]

Hill, Dan. "The Epistle to the Romans." http://www.realtime.net:80/~wdoud/ romans/romans.html/.

Very extensive research material and notes on Romans of good scholarly level. [MBS]

Hyeon Sik Hong. "Linguistic Aids." http://www.library.vanderbilt.edu/ divinity/nt5.html.

The site contains a detailed bibliography on all grammars, lexicons and Concordances, exegetical aids for New Testaments studies. Its last updated is on January 5, 96. It lacks some of the materials published last year. [NCJ]

"ICLnet." http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/christian-books.html#books.

It is a rich collection of fifferent versions of Bible and classsical devotional writing. One can download a lot of common Christian writing.

It is good for general purpose. [NCJ]

Institute for Christian Leadership. "ICLnet." http://www.iclnet.org/icl. html/.

A guide to internet resources for reserch in all kinds of Christian subject. Resources are categorized by Christian missions on the Internet, Christian resources on the Internet, Christian literature on the Internet, early church documents on the Internet, reading room, software library, directory of Christian organizations. [ASK]

"Internet Resources for Religious Studies Students." http://sol.brunel.ac.uk/ BUBL/religion.html.

This section was put in from the United Kingdom. It relates to the Brunel University College and to Oxford University. The interesting thing I found was the subject tree on BUBL - BUlletin Board for Libraries. Here there are a lot of articles about different subjects. There are religion related journals to browse on many topics such as medicine, gays, marriage and family, business and in each is a keyword search. There are also articles on the Cults, New Age, Philosophy and Religion, and Psychology of Religion. An interesting section for the philosophical or psychological student. [SLL]

Israel Foreign Ministry. "Israel Foreign Ministry Home Page." http://www. israel-mfa.gov.il/.

The Internet web site of the Israel Foreign Ministry, established and maintained by its information division, is designed to provide you with basic information about the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, recent developments in Israel, and a general background about various facets of Israeli government and life.

The site is divided into five main sections: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Government of Israel, The Peace Process, Facts about Israel. We can find biblical and archaeological sites from "Facts about Israel" Which provide a brief introduction to various facts of the Israel. [ASK]

James K. Tauber. "Hellenistic Greek Linguistics Pages." http://www.entmp.org/ HGrk/.

This is a newly-developed site for in-depth studying of Hellenistic Grammar. Its purpose is to have a forum on studying how to revise Blass,Debrunner and Funk's Greek Grammar. There is also a collections pf papers on Hellenistic Greek Linguistics. One of its article on discourse analysis is very good. However, since it is only recently developed, a lot of information promised is still not available. If it is fully developed, this site is hlghly recommended. [NCJ]

Jones, James, E. "The New Testament." http://www.goshen.net.directory/.

A very good online directory of resources containing articles, essays, bibliographic material, online sites, missions etc. For general research interesting material can be found under http://www. goshen.net/. [MBS]

"A Journal of Biblical Textual Critcism." http://scholar.cc.emory.edu/ scripts/TC/TC.html.

This site is an electronic journal dedicated to the study of the Jewish and Christian biblical texts. It also provide links to additional resources of interest to biblical textual critics, including text-critical projects, original language texts. However, the material has copy-right and cannot be copied. [NCJ]

Karen Mohs. "Greek 'N' Stuff for Homeschool and Christian School." http:// home.earthlink.net/~timohs/.

This site contains materials for teaching young kids Greek and Latin. The method is simple and practical. Though the material is for kid, it is still fun to browsn through it. [NCJ]

"LaKorea Religion." http://www.lakorea.com/Religion/religion.htm.

When I went into this site there were quite a few features in it. It has the unofficial site of the Christian Research Institute Archive. Through this one can browse CRI newsletter articles or do a search with a word or phrase. Also there was the Matthew Henry Commentary in there. Here one can put in the book of the Bible with the chapter and/or verses and the commentary for it will come up. Another interesting part was the section on Books, Journals and Magazines. They have selected ones which can be browsed for subjects. I went into the Discipleship Journal and found some interesting articles. [SLL]

"Law, Faith, Grace, Salvation." http://users.aol.com/dennish.658/journal/ lawfaith.htm/.

Contains information about key theological terms in the bible. Articles and essays as well as exegetical information. An excellent resource material for multi-purpose usage among scholars and in the church. [MBS]

Lee, Caramon K. "Christianity." http://discus.anu.edu.au/~alui/christian. html.

This is one long document with links to other areas of interest. There are files relating to Christianity, The Bible, Apologetics. There are also links to King James Version, Bible Gateway, a Bible in French and one in Latin. There are links to canonical information of the New Testament. I also looked through the different creeds there have been. [SLL]

Library of Congress. "Scrolls From the Dead Sea." http://www.loc.gov:80/ exhibits/scrolls/broc.html/.

The goals of the "Scrolls from the Dead Sea" exhibition are three fold: to enable visitors to see twelve of the Dead Sea Scroll fragments; to promote greater understanding of the turbulent period in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were copied; and to provide some insight into the questions raised and the "mystery" surrounding this great manuscript found.

The exhibit has an introductory as well as three main sections:The introductory area presents the Psalms Scroll, the largest of the scroll fragments in the exhibition, and touches on the geographical and religious contexts of the period. [ASK]

________. "Scrolls From the Dead Sea: The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Scholarship." http://sunsite.unc.edu/expo/deadsea.scrolls. exhibit/intro.html/.

The exhibition on SCROLLS FROM THE DEAD SEA. The exhibition discusses the Jewish and Christian context of the scrolls and the Qumran community that deposited them. The Ancient Library of Qumran brings a selection from the scrolls which have been the subject of intense public interest. Over the years questions have been raised about the scrolls' authenticity, about the people who hid them away the period in which they lived, about the secrets the scrolls' might reveal, and about the intentions of the scrolls' custodians in restricting access. The Library's exhibition describes the historical context of the scrolls and the Qumran community from when they may have originated; It also relates the story of their discovery 2,000 years later. In addition, the exhibition encourages a better understanding of the challenges and complexities connected with scroll research.It includes images of selected scrolls and other archaeological artifacts, such as pottery and coins. [ASK]

"The Library of Congress (Greek and Latin Classics Texts)." http://leweb.loc. gov/global/classics/clastexts.html.

This is a huge resource of ancient classical materials. It lists out all major university sites in United States which has serious studies on classical texts. Its section on the Vulgate (Biblia Vulgata) is very exhaustive and cannot be easily found on other sites. Highly recommended for New Testament Studies with reference to the Latin text and Early Church Fathers. [NCJ]

"Linguistics Resources." http://www.sil.org/linguistics/linguistics.html.

This site features a comphrehensive listing of electronic text archives such as The Electronic Text Center and offers a number of indexes of publications, universities, conferences, and FAQs. [NCJ]

"Lorain Country Free-Net." http://freenet.lorain.oberlin.edu/.

An Excellent, high power bulletin board containing Bible resources,

Bible study material, library, abstracts, online Christian resources, essays, dissertations, theological databases, bibliographic material. [MBS]

Lund University. "Swedish Christian Link Collection." http://www.student.lu. se/.

Biblical and theological collection of information [dissertations, essays, articles, bibliographies, online sites] updated montly by scholars at Swedish Universities such as Lund, Uppsala and Stockholm. Information mainly for scholarly purpose and post-graduate studies. Very high biblical and theological quality on historical as well as contemporary topics [Material in Swedish] [MBS]

Magen, Minachem. "Jerusalem in Early Christian Times." http://www.israel-mfa. gov.il/mfa/cardo/cardo.html/.

An excellent collection of information and photographs about Jerusalem in Early Christian Times. It includs The Medeba Map, life in Byzantine Jerusalem, early Christian pilgrimage. [ASK]

McCallum, Dennis and Gary DeLashmutt. "The New Testament Definition of the Church." http://www.xenos.org/um1-1a.htm.

This is another Bible study by the same authors. This one is on the New Testament Church. It starts off with a definition of the Universal Church. Then there is a word study on words used for the church in the New Testament. The next question is What is the local church? In this section there are scripture verses to look up and questions and answers on them. Again one can send questions to the authors or share comments on the Bible study. [SLL]

________. "Worship in the New Testament." http://www.xenos.org/um2-2.htm.

This section was an actual Bible study one can do on worship in the New Testament. It had at the first some teaching goals and then an introduction. The study starts with talking about a change in sacrifices. Then there is a section on different ways to worship. Then there is a conclusion. In each section there are questions one can ask the group to get discussion going. There is also at the end a place to send questions to eithor author or to share comments. [SLL]

Media Management. "GOSHEN Internet Christian Resource Directory." http://www. goshen.net/frames/.

GOSHEN has the most organized resource directory, search engine (GoSearch), Christian shareware, devotionals, daily news reports, and online study tools.Although it is not general Internet search engines, it might be easier to find specific Christian resources because fewer matches will be found. [ASK]

"New Testament Acts." http://wesley.nnc.edu/noncanon/acts.htm.

This is a collection of noncanonical books. They are mainly ones from the Apocrypha. These include a History of Joseph the Carpenter and The Passing of Mary. It was an interesting section because it had a few books I had never heard of . It also included the works of Josephus. One can go into any book and read it and find out about it. [SLL]

"Not Just Bibles - A Guide to Christian Resources on the Internet." http:// www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/subject1.htm/.

Massive material and site for high scholarly work in OT and NT, missions, theological material, biblical topical information, archaeology. [MBS]

Oxford. "Anthropology and Archaeology Corner." gopher://rsl.ox.ac.uk/11/ anthro-corn/.

This Anthropology Corner has numerous information of Anthropology and Archaeology which are Oxford University Union List of Anthropological Periodicals, Interactive Multimedia and anthropology - a sceptical view (Marcus Banks). [ASK]

"Perseus Project." http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/Texts.html.

This is a rich resources for studying the material on the papyrus. It has a rich data-bank of documentaty papyri and morphological analysis and word search tools. The most useful is that one can get on line definition of each greek word from Liddel-Scott-Jones Greek Lexicon and help one to place its meaning in context. Serious Greek student cannot ignor this site. [NCJ]

Regent University. gopher://beacon.regent.edu/.

Biblical and theological site containing essays, biblical resources, online discussion groups, exegetical and homiletic sites. Very scholarly with high quality and updated material. [MBS]

Reich, Ronny. "The State of the Arts: Archaeology in Israel 1995." http:// www.israel-mfa.gov.il/mfa/ariel/archeol.html/.

It is the introduction of the archaeological activity in Israel.What typifies archaeological activities in Israel, in comparison with other places, stems first and foremost from the history of the "Fertile Crescent". Israel is centrally located in this area. Therefore, we can find many of biblical and historical sites , including Tel Hazor in the Upper Galilee, Tel Megiddo in the Valley of Jezreel, and Lachish and Tel Bayit on the coastal plain. [ASK]

The Research Archives of the Oriental Institute. "ABZU Subject Index: Archaeological Sites." http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/DEPT/RA/ABZU/ ABZU_SUBINDX_ARCH_SITES.HTML/.

ABZU, The guide to Resources for the study of the ancient Near East available on the Internet, is a project of the Research Archives of The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. It is an experimental guide to the rapidly increasing, and widely distributed data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East via the Internet. Some of the resources to which ABZU provides links have not yet been fully sub-indexed. But you can find many indexes which are directories - addresses - lists, journals on- line library catalogs on-line, museum collections on-line, publishers and book dealers regional index,Egypt, Mesopotamia, subject index, Archaeology. [ASK]

"Resource Pages for Biblical Studies." http://www.hivolda.no/asf/kkf/ biblia01.html.

This section is divided into five parts. There are Bible translations and related texts including various Greek New Testament editions and a search in the Greek text. There are also various translations in different languages. One can do a word or phrase search in any translation including KJV with Strong's numbers or Strong's definitions. There are a lot of linguistic resources as well as the Apocrypha, works of Josephus and the noncanonical books. [SLL]

Rideout, Dennis. "A Christian Pilgrim's "Deeper Life"." http://www.wolfenet. com/~drideout/.

This is a section which has daily devotionals. It also has over 100 topical essays on many various topics ranging from 666 to Jesus and also to some Old Testament people. There are some interesting titles on his essays but there is no search engine so one has to wade through all the essays to find something one wants. [SLL]

Robert Beard. "Linguistic Fun." http://www.bucknell.edu/departments/ linguistics/fun.html.

This site is brief and simple, but it contains some basic material on Linguistics such as phonology, syntax, and semantics. The writing is funny and easy to understand. One can get some basic ideas of linguistics which is a help on studying B-Greek. [NCJ]

"Roman Archives." http://www.tulip.org:80/ccr/romarch.htm/.

Contains valuable and updated commentaries on Romans, Sermon outlines. Helpful complementary to scholarly work. [MBS]

"Romans Titles." http://www.thechristian.org/ntoutlines/Romans/romlink.html.

A Guide to Using Experiential Outlines of the New Testament Books.

A Valuable site for research under specific theological and biblical topics relating to Romans. [MBS]

Rushmore, Louis. "Biblical Archaeology." http://www.bible-infonet.org/bin/ short_articles/Archaeology.htm/.

General information for Biblical Archaeology which continues to make significant contributions to the body of external evidence that confirms the Bible. Thereby, biblical archaeology reinforces the Bible-believer's confidence in the Divine inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible. Further, biblical archaeology persuades unbelievers to more closely examine the Bible message. [ASK]

Scholars Press. "The Electronically Linked Academy." http://scholar.cc.emory. edu/.

TELA, The Electronically Linked Academy, is the official World Wide Web site of Scholars Press and of many of its sponsoring societies, which include the American Academy of Religion, the Society of Biblical Literature, the American Philological Association. TELA is a place of learning, of research, of dissemination of information. However, TELA has an advantage over traditional places of instruction: it knows no geographic boundaries. People anywhere in the world can access TELA, see what is available, and take advantage of the learning opportunities it provides. Furthermore, the information itself that is available on TELA is not bound by geography. Although much information does physically reside on the computer system at Scholars Press in Atlanta, other information available through TELA is actually on a computer across the country or halfway around the world. Thus, TELA is a sort of virtual academy. [ASK]

Seland, Torrey. "Resources Pages for Biblical Studies." http://hivolda.no/ asf/kkf/rel-stud.html/.

Internet resources for biblical studies. This site contains an extensive material of translations, lexicons, libraries, articles, essays, dissertations, bibliographic databases as well as biblical topics such as archeology and ethics etc. It is a very good and very advanced site for higher scholarly work [especially for the New Testament and Romans]. The material is of very high quality and is updated frequently [in Norwegian]. [MBS]

Stedman, Ray C. "The Message of Romans." http://www.pbc.org/dp/stedman/ adventure/0246.html/.

This site an online resource which is updated frequently. It has some very valuable resources on Romans as well as with university libraries, where topical research on NT and OT can be done. Mostly for lay scholars, but some material very interesting. [MBS]

Steven Schaufele. "SYNTHINAR: The Syntactic Theory Seminar." http://www. entmp.org/linguistics/synthinar.

This sites contains up-dated information and exposition of different kinds of syntactic theory such as case-grammar and relational grammar. It is useful for doing linguistic research of New Testament language. [NCJ]

"Still Waters Revival Books." http://www.idontkno.ab.ca/books/.

This is mainly an area to sell books, but I did find a secion that said Free Books, Newsletters etc. In here there is a search area. One can use AND or OR in the search. In this section of articles I found one on Baptism by John Knox. There was also an article on worship in the New Testament. There were several articles listed. [SLL]

T. Nowitz, Richard. "Israel's Archaeological Treasures." http://www.israel- mfa.gov.il/mfa/arch/atikmain.html/.

It contains texts and photographies which are about The Judean Foothills, The Judean Desert ,The Negev, The Mediterranean Coast, The Galilee and the Golan ... . There are simple notes for each site. For example, Megiddo, in the fertile Jezreel Valley, is according to the Bible, the site of Armageddon. Archaeologists have unearthed here layers of over 20 cities dating back 3500 years. [ASK]

Tal, Duby. "ISRAEL Archaeology From the Air." http://www.israel-mfa.gov.il/ mfa/archair.html/.

It contains about 20 Photographies. IncludingThe Tower of David, The Ophel Museum, The Northern Palace of Masada, Qumran, Megiddo. It is valuable for the visual study of the biblical archaeology. [ASK]

Tatum, Johnny. "Romans Series." http://village.ios.com/%7Ejtatum1/Romans. html/.

Contains information mainly biblical articles and essays with bibliographic references. Good material with a lot of basic information yet challenging for lighter research. However, the material is mainly for undergraduate level and lay people in the church. [MBS]

"Theology Discussion List." http://www.iclnet.org/list/theology.html/.

Excellent online discussion group for biblical and theological topics for various scholarly levels. To subscribe send first name and last name to majordomo@iclnet.org. [MBS]

Timothy w. Seid. "Interpteting Ancient Manuscripts." http://www.stg.brown. edu/projects/mss/overview.html.

This site was developed at Brown University. Its main focus is on the procees used to study the ancient manuscripts upon which the New Testament is based. It has 50 scanned images of the N.T. manuscripts and has much of the material from the book by Bruce Metzger, 'The Text of the New Testament:Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration.' The site can provide one basic knowledge of Textual Criticism and its methodology [NCJ]

Torry Seland. "Resource Pages for Biblical Studies." http://www.hivolda.no/ asf/kkf/rel-stud.html.

This site is built by a Professor in Volda college, Norway. The site lists out all important resources related to early Christian writings and their social world. It has one special page on aspects of the Mediterranean social world and one on Philo of Alexandria. It is a great help for doing New Testament research. [NCJ]

Tower Library & Conference Center. "Bible Archaeology, Geographical, Geological and Historical Sites." http://www.c2.org/~h2o/tower- library/links-section/index.html#Bible-arch-geol-hist/.

It has many interesting documents about archaeological, geographical, geological and historical sites on Noah's Ark, Israel, Dead Sea Scrolls. You can also find historical and archaeological libraries. [ASK]

Triggs, Jeffery. "The New Testament (Rheims 1582)." http://www.hti.umich.edu/ relig/rheims/browse.html.

In this section there are all the books of the New Testament. These were translated by Rheims in 1582. One can go into any book of the New Testament to see the translation. There is a section which explains a little about Rheims but not very much about it. The best part is that there are various search venus which include the Boolean searches. [SLL]

Tufts University. "Perseus Project." http://medusa.perseus.tufts.edu/.

Perseus is the work of a large team including philologists, historians, and archaeologists. It is a vanguard The Perseus Project, an Argos Associate, includes several of it own search engines that provide access to information not covered by Argos: English index to the database, Greek word search of primary texts, English word search of the Liddell, Scott and Jones Greek Lexicon, browser for architecture, coins, sculpture, sites, and vases, the encyclopedia subject index, and all primary texts (Greek and English). [ASK]

"United Methodist Church." http://nsl.sccoast.net/umc-one/umc/home.htm.

This site has quite a lot of different areas to go into. I went into the Christian theology one. They have sections on different religious theologies. I went into the Pentecostal and charismatic one. In here there were online publications to read. These were not just American ones but also some Canadian and one from Australia. The even had a link to Eastern Pentecostal Bible College in here. There were under theology a section on the Holy Spirit and also church issues. This seems to be a well rounded area which covers many different religions although it is put out by one denomination. [SLL]

The University of Chicago. "The Oriental Institute WWW Database." http://www- oi.uchicago.edu/OI/default.html/.

Archaeological site containing many essays and studies devoted to the study of the ancient Near East. It is from The Oriental Institute which is a part of the University of Chicago.The Institute has undertaken projects in every part of the ancient Near East, including the Nile Valley, Mesopotamia, Persia, parts of the Ottoman Empire, and the lands of the Bible. Institute scholars also maintain research projects in Chicago, such as dictionaries and lexicons of ancient Akkadian, Hittite, Demotic, Egyptian, and Sumerian. [ASK]

"University of Michigan Linguistics Archive." gopher://gopher.archive.merit. edu:7055/11/linguistics/.

This site containds a collection of public domain, freeware, shareware, and other files that may be useful to linguists. the directories availanle to the user includes fonts, software programs, texts, and listservs. One can find a lot of useful files on linguistic theories which is useful for New Testament Greek analysis. [NCJ]

Uppsala University. "Religious Database." http://www.uu.se/plain-index.eng. html.

Very good biblical and theological material. Essays, dissertations, articles, books, bibliographies etc. [In Swedish]. [MBS]

Vendyl Jones Research Institutes. "Vendyl Jones Research Institutes." http:// www.vendyljones.org.il/.

Archaeological/Biblical Research organization primarily concerned with Judaism and the history and archaeology of Israel.there are many exciting new discoveries in the area of Biblical Archaeology. VJRI utilizes Biblical archaeology, geography, history,Rabbinic linguistics and hermenuetical principles of interpretation of the Bible to correct mis-information

against Judaism, the Jews and the State of Israel. [ASK]

Waggoner, E.J. "Waggoner, E.J." http://www.anet_ofw.com/~intowww/1888RC/ Rom04.htm/.

Contains articles and commentaries of Romans organized by chapters. An highly interesting site for any scholarly level. However, the material seems not be updated to frequently, but the site contains many articles which are sufficient for a basic research on any topic relating to Romans. [MBS]

"Walking Through the Bible: Romans." http://fly.highway.net/~wgann/walk_bt/ romans.htm/.

Biblical and theological collection of books in the bible [in depth exegetical as well as homiletical information, such as interpretations of difficult passages and sermons. In addition also articles, essays]

Information for scholars and pastors, Sunday-school teachers. In generally high quality of material, although some material must be read critically. [MBS]

Wilson, Dr. Ralph F. "Christian Articles Archive." http://www.wilsonweb.com/ archive.

This section has a lot of articles in it. There is also Bible studies. The current one is a study in the book of Philippians. The miscellaneous articles are comtemporary ones and there is a search engine in that section. One can search for key words. There are many other sections such as humour, inspirational, encouragement, and holiday sections. There is also a search engine archive. The nice thing about this is that there is the Boolean search in it. I put in baptism and came up with six articles. [SLL]

"The Wilton Bible Study." http://perosnalwebs.myriad.net/cwilton/greek.htm.

This is a site of the ministry of Emmanuel Baptist Church in Bryan, Texas. It contains a set of free lessons on the basics of N.T. Greek. It also has two leixcal studies on John and Matthew. Clear and concise. Aslo one of the best way to study or revise the Greek. [NCJ]

Winter, Steve. "PreRapture Ministries Bible Studies." http://www.prime.org/ $Bibmain.htm.

There are several Bible studies listed here but when I went into them, they were not really Bible studies. I suppose these are just for one's personal use. There were a lot of interesting titles but they are not set up as Bible studies. They are very short and seem to be more of an explanation of the verses and the topics. They seemed to be good explanations though. I went into several of them and they were all written by Steve Winter so I assumed they were all written by him. Good topical section. [SLL]

"WWSB-Romans." http://ccel.wheaton.edu/wwsb/Romans/.

The World Wide Study Bible about the Epistle to the Romans contains commentaries, translations, exegesis, sermon outlines. It is a valuable complement for research hence not powerful enough scholarly. [MBS]

Wyatt Archaeological Research. "Wyatt Archaeological Research Fraud Documentation." http://www.kensco.net/~thinkle/tentmakr/WAR/index. shtml/.

Letters from archaeologists, geologists, museum curators, etc., denouncing Ron Wyatt's discovery claims. We can find all the type of the archaelolgical articals about Noah's Ark. [ASK]